Müzik Terimleri Sözlüğü
Müzik sesinin başlangıcındaki bir vurgu veya “vuruş”.
Yavaş tempo veya yavaş hız anlamına gelir. Bazen bir eserin adıdır; örneğin, Mozart'ın Keman ve Orkestra için Adagio'su.
Anlamı, yürüyüş temposu veya yürüyüş hızı; orta bir hız.
Bir ölçüde düzenlenen, ve ölçü çizgisi adıyla bilinen iki düz çizgi arasındaki belli bir sayıda müzik sesi. Lütfen bakınız: Müziğin Temelleri: Notalar ve Ritim, Ders 1: Nota Değerleri, Süresi ve Zaman İşaretleri
An extended solo (played alone) for the soloist in a concerto. A cadenza can also be a solo in an orchestral work for one or a group of instruments. Bakınız: Ludwig van Beethoven: Senfoni No. 5, Analiz, Gerard Schwarz (Parça 1), Birinci Bölüm
Originally refers to a German Protestant hymn tune. In composition, it typically means a choral composition for voices or instruments, such as a Bach chorale. The word “Chorale” is also sometimes used as the name of a choir or chorus.
İki ya da daha fazla sesin (notanın) aynı anda çalınması.
A work for one performer or a group of performers with orchestral accompaniment.
Gürleşerek, genişleyerek çalmak.
Yumuşayarak çalmak; crescendo'nın tersi.
Meaning to be performed sweetly or delicately.
1) A group of musicians playing together like an orchestra or a string quartet;
2) The actual act of playing as a unit, or performing together.
A musical work used as an announcement, often played by the brass section of the orchestra or a single instrumentalist like a trumpet.
A symbol that tells the performer to hold the note as long as s/he would like, but certainly longer than the written note value. See Ludwig van Beethoven: Symphony No. 5, A Conducting Lesson by Gerard Schwarz (1st Movement)
When a flat symbol ♭ is added to a note it lowers the note by a half-step. For example, if we have the note D and we add a flat to it the note now becomes D-flat or D♭.
The shape or organization of a musical composition.
Loud or strong.
Louder than forte.
Müzikte bir aralık (E-F ya da B-C gibi), bir oktavın 12'de 1'ine denktir.
The simultaneous combination of pitches, especially when blended into chords that are pleasing to the ear.
This can also be called orchestration when assigned to an orchestra. It is the way a composer or arranger takes musical sounds and assigns them to specific instruments.
A group of pitches based on a particular tonic, and comprising a scale, regarded as forming the tonal basis of a piece or section of music.
Genelde, largodan biraz daha hızlı.
Genelde, yavaş ve yayarak çalmak anlamına gelir.
This refers to a specific chord or key.
A. When it refers to a chord, then the chord has three musical pitches with the space between the first and second pitches being four half steps, and the distance between the second and third pitches being three half steps. A half step is the smallest interval (space or distance) in traditional western classical music. It is the distance from any key on the piano to the closest adjoining key (white or black).
A measurement of time in music that contains a specific number of pulses defined by a time signature, and that is contained within bar lines.
An identifiable succession of musical sounds.
This refers to a specific chord or key.
A. When it refers to a chord the chord will have three different pitches. From the first to the second pitch or note there are three half steps, and the distance between the second and third pitch there are four half steps.
Çok canlı veya çok hızlı.
An identifiable succession of musical sounds, but shorter than a complete melody.
A large unit within a symphony or concerto. It usually is comprised of many themes or musical ideas.
The interval between two musical notes, the upper one of which has twice the pitch of the lower one. In a major or minor scale, the distance of this interval lies eight steps* away, hence the term “octave.” (*in the major or minor scales, the eight steps are actually a combination of “whole steps” and “half-steps”)
İş anlamına gelir. Eser sayıları genelde besteci tarafından belirlenir. Often the opus numbers are assigned in order of composition, but at times the numbers are assigned by order of publication.
Pianodan daha yumuşak.
The frequency* of a note determining how high or low it sounds (* “frequency” in this context is the number of complete oscillations per second of energy as sound in the form of sound-waves).
More. For example, piu piano would mean more softly.
A group of chords can create harmonic tension. When this tension is released with a calm chord, or a chord without tension, it is “resolved” and is thus called a resolution.
An ordered succession of adjacent pitches, arranged in a sequence of whole steps and half steps, for example the major or minor scales. A specific scale is defined by its characteristic interval pattern and by its most prominent pitch, known as its tonic.
Always. For example, sempre forte would mean always loud.
Forceful, usually accented.
When a sharp symbol ♯ is added to a note it raises the note by a half-step. For example, if we have the note G and we add a sharp to it the note now becomes G-sharp, or G♯.
Bir müzisyenin çalması için veya tek başına çalınmak üzere. In an orchestral work it has come to mean the important line or part for one player, while soli would be the same for a group or section of players.
A musical interval between pitches (such as C–D or C–B♭) comprising two half steps.
Büyük bir orkestra için yazılmış parçanın yapısı.
Bir eserde yer alan en önemli, aradan sıyrılmış melodi. Bir eser bir ya da daha fazla tema içerebilir.
The organization of all the tones and harmonies of a piece of music in relation to a tonic.
Majör ya da minör bir gamın ilk derecesi olan nota ve belirli bir gamda yazılmış parçanın tonal merkezi.